Bangladesh Rural Development Board is the
prime government agency engaged in rural development and poverty alleviation.
BRDB basically operates by organizing the small and marginal farmers into
cooperative societies for increasing agricultural production through improved
means and by forming formal or informal groups of landless men and distressed
women to promote income generating activities in the rural areas. The origin of
BRDB lies in the erstwhile Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP)
which was launched in the early 70s to replicate Two-Tier Cooperative,
popularly known as the Comilla Model the Upazila Central Cooperative Association
(UCCA) - Village based farmer cooperatives (KSS) system. The system is based on
the "Comilla approach" to rural development, as conceived by the BangladeshAcademy for rural Development
(BARD) in the early 1960s. IRDP was introduced to promote economic growth
through increased agricultural production.
Two-Tier Cooperative as the core component of IRDP together with other elements
such as capital accumulation, training, credit, marketing, extension and
technological support promoted IRDP to help attaining food autarky in the
country. In view of IRDP success the program was transformed in 1972 into a
nation- wide institution called Bangladesh Rural Development Board. gradually,
the activities of BRDB expanded beyond its originally mandated functions
to the task of alleviation of endemic rural poverty by reaching the poorest of
the poor through group- based self employment and income enhancing initiatives.
In order to fulfill its lately assumed mission of reducing rural poverty. BRDB
had to adopt a new strategy and undertake a number of development projects in
addition to its normal programs. BRDB has so far implemented 66 development
projects and 11 are know under implementation. Each project designed and
implemented by BRDB includes in itself various social development issues such
as Primary Health Care, HIV/AIDS, sanitation, environment, mass education and
the like which has an indirect impact on reducing rural poverty. BRDB thus
moved from a sect oral approach to a multidimensional approach with the following
goal, objectives and strategies.
Mission of BRDB:
mission of BRDB includes the followings:
(i)To organize Comilla type of cooperative for
optimum utilization of human as well as material resources available to
(ii)To organize rural masses into cohesive &
disciplined group for planned sustained development.
(iii)Accumulate/mobilize rural capital through thrift
deposit & sale of shares.
(iv)Ensuring proper utilization of institutional
(v)Developing human resources through training
& motivation to the portfolio of demand driven as well as women
(vi)Integrate Supply & Services for effective
(vii)Develop local leadership as community catalyst.
emphasis on institution building toward RD, which involves human element is by
no means an easy job. As such, it has well defined strategical dimension.
includes institutional building which act as a leading instrument to promote RD
a package organizational human infrastructure with the following elements:-
-Institutions setting both formal &
-Training of both beneficiaries &
functionaries as animators.
-Credit as Micro/Farm loan /Rural Non Firm (RNF).
-Marketing & storage efforts.
-Other productive inputs.
-Implementing community & target based
projects & programs.
-Encouraging rural capital mobilization.
-Shift of assumption from time bound project to
-Collaborating with NBD’s, Local self government