In the early sixties the Comilla Model was evolved in rural development by Dr. Akhter Hamid Khan (1914 - 1999), a renowned social scientist and social reformer, through an action research work at the Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD) in Kotbari, Comilla. This model is known as the Two-Tier Co-operative system, which has become the main vehicle of Rural Development in Bangladesh...
The origins of the BRDB lie in the erstwhile Integrated Rural
Development Programme (IRDP), launched in the early 1970s to replicate
the Two-Tier Cooperative System, popularly known as the TCCA-KSS System.
The TCCA-KSS System – based on the Comilla Approach to rural
development – became the keystone of the IRDP. At the most fundamental
level, its application sought to promote economic growth through
increased agricultural production and ensure that the rural poor
attained self-sufficiency in food production.
The IRDP utilised the TCCA-KSS System to deliver a portfolio of poverty
alleviation initiatives, including capital accumulation, training,
credit provision, sales and marketing assistance, and extension and
The Integrated Rural Development Programme was dissolved with the
promulgation of the Bangladesh Rural Development Board Ordinance LIII,
which came into effect on January 13th,1982. Under this Ordinance, a
board to be called the Bangladesh Rural Development Board was
established to carry out the purposes of the said ordinance. That is, to
formulate policies, coordinate activities and supervise the
implementation of various projects and programs relating to rural
development, and to strengthen the rural economy of Bangladesh.